Russia is losing millions of people a year, and not through emigration. In fact, many people are immigrating to the country, but even so, a United Nations report released this week claimed that Russia’s population has fallen by 6.6 million since 1993, and by 2025 the country could lose a another 11 million people.
The biggest reason? Russia’s extremely high mortality rate — the average life expectancy for males is barely 60 years. A recent AP article actually compared Russia’s mortality rate to that in parts of sub-Saharan Africa.
Though it would seem stereotypical and inconsiderate to place the blame solely on the one liquor Russia is best known for, “most experts blame the country’s overall high death rate on one factor, alcohol,” the AP states. “It has been linked to everything from liver disease to Russia’s high number of murders, suicides and fatal accidents.”
A study by The Lancet medical journal corroborates this perspective
In several recent years, alcohol was a cause of more than half of all Russian deaths ages 15-54 years. Alcohol accounts for most of the large fluctuations in Russian mortality, and alcohol and tobacco account for the large difference in adult mortality between Russia and Western Europe.
In this respect, the future looks troubling for the largest country in the world. The report noted that because of its massive territory, the impact of depopulation will be even more severe for Russia.
Adding to the struggle, in the next few decades, many Russians could be lured abroad as labor shortages develop in Western Europe. As restrictions on beer sales have failed in the past and there are no immediate plans to overhaul the country’s health care system, it seems Russia is in a long-term state of emergency.
Russia faces a tough road ahead due to the country’s high mortality rate and lack of effective health care system.